Environmentally related problems have received growing attention in recent years. The necessity of teaching an interdisciplinary approach in solving environmental issues has created increased pressure on our education system. The need for individuals with significant training in and sensitivity toward environmental problems is increasing. More and more students choose classes in environmental issues in undergraduate and graduate settings and a large number of graduates are expected to respond to environmental regulations. Unfortunately, a majority of faculty is not prepared for meeting this increased demand. The workshop addresses this by introducing participants to the development of environmental chemistry classes and incorporating topics into the core curriculum.
The environmental workshop is designed to introduce participants to several problems and their solutions appropriate for incorporation in the undergraduate curriculum. This includes an understanding of environmental principles and applications of modern analytical and chemical techniques for measuring and controlling contaminants. The workshop covers questions related to class work as well as laboratory exercises that can be set up inexpensively at two- and four-year institutions. Topics covered include the fundamental chemistry of environmental assessment and use of this knowledge in every day situations.
The workshop begins with a discussion of the environment and man's impact upon it. Major topics in the workshop include:
(i) analytical chemical methods needed to monitor, control, and study the environment;
(ii) statistical methods for establishing adequate criteria for the analytical methods;
(iii) models describing systems of the environment, and the normal values and trends for environmental contaminants;
(iv) effect of contaminants on the environment and its inhabitants, including humans; (v) selected topics: important environmental constituents.
(vi) environmental regulations and their effect on our lives.
Day 1: Chemical Analysis and Monitoring Methodology. Air, water, soil, and biological constituent interaction - effect of methodologies and data analyses.
Day 2: Toxicology. The effect of contaminants on local or global ecosystems.
Day 3: Air Environment. Contaminant flow, dispersal, transformation while airborne. Meteorological phenomena needed to understand mixing rates in a global distribution scheme.
Day 4: Water Environment. Contaminant flow, dispersion, and degradation; mathematical modeling, contaminant removal, waste treatment.
Day 5: Solid waste. Radioactive waste; hazardous waste disposal techniques, reduction of emissions at their source, automated systems, and future recycling techniques.